The 22-year-old scored two goals as the Netherlands beat Cameroon 3-1, to write her name in the record books.
The Arsenal forward now has 60 goals for her national side, moving her one ahead of the retired Manon Melis.
Miedema was the top scorer in the Women’s Super League (WSL) last season — netting 22 times for the Gunners — and has seamlessly transferred that form to the World Cup.
She opened the scoring for her side with a superb bullet header and doubled her tally in the final five minutes, lashing a world-class shot into the corner of the net.
“It is something special, something I’m only going to live once and it’s a special experience for me,” she said after the match.
“It’s a World Cup — you score a goal, so I think you can cheer and be a little crazy about it,” she added.
“It’s a special moment and I made a deal with my brother to make a roll on the pitch. Maybe that won’t happen again next time. No more gymnastics!”
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Despite being underdogs in Saturday’s group tie, Cameroon made a real game of it and equalized just 154 seconds after Miedema had given the Dutch the lead.
Gabrielle Onguene timed her run to perfection and capitalized on some sloppy play as Dutch goalkeeper Sari van Veenendaal misjudged the bounce of the ball.
However, the gulf in class became too much in the second half as Dominique Bloodworth, formerly of Arsenal, put the Netherlands back in control before Miedema further extended the Dutch lead.
The win confirmed Netherlands’ place in the knockout stages of the tournament in France as Cameroon recorded its second loss of the group stage.
The Netherlands has almost been the second home team of this year’s World Cup, with a huge number of Dutch fans Traveling to watch their side play.
Thousands descended onto Le Havre to watch their side beat New Zealand in the opening game and the support was once again raucous on Saturday.
“Valenciennes is very close to the Netherlands, so we were disadvantaged in this respect,” said Cameroon coach Alain Djeumfa, referencing the atmosphere created by the Dutch support.
“We weren’t able to play an hour away from Holland and it not affect our team on a psychological level.”