Dementia tends to affect people over the age of 65. The four most common types people develop are Alzheimer’s disease, lewy body dementia, vascular dementia and frontotemporal dementia. While there’s no certain way to prevent all types of dementia, there’s good evidence that suggests a healthy Travel can reduce the risk of it developing when you’re older.
A diet high in saturated fat, salt and sugar, and low in fibre is believed to be a risk factor for dementia, so eating a healthy, balanced diet is recommended.
Not smoking and doing more exercise are also believed to slash the risk of dementia developing.
But on top of these lifestyle changes, Dr Arghya, consultant psychiatrist at private practice Living Mind, recommends taking time out of your day to do a hobby.
“Studies have shown that spending an hour a day on a hobby might protect against dementia in later life,” Dr Arghya told Waitrose & Partners magazine.
Those with active minds all tend to develop better coping mechanisms for Alzheimer’s and dementia.
He added: “You really do need to be using and firing your neutrons consistently over a long period of time to see any benefit.
“So embracing brain-challenging activities is advisable.”
So how do you know if you or a loved one has developed early signs of dementia?
Different types of dementia can affect people differently, but there are six common early signs to watch out for.
- Memory loss
- Difficulty concentrating
- Finding it hard to carry out familiar daily tasks
- Struggling to follow a conversation or find the right word
- Being confused about time and place
- Mood changes
How is the disease diagnosed? The first step, according to the NHS, is to recognise the symptoms and go see your GP.
The health body explains: “Your GP will ask about your symptoms and other aspects of your health, and will give you a physical examination.
“If possible, someone who knows you well should be with you as they can help described any changes or problems they’ve noticed.
“They may also be able to help you remember what was said at the appointment if this is difficult for you.
“Memory problems don’t necessarily mean you have dementia. These problems can also be caused by other factors, such as depression and anxiety, delirium, thyroid problems and side effects of medication.”
Your GP will also organise blood tests to rule out other causes of memory problems.
You may also be asked to do a memory or cognitive test to measure any problems with your memory.
If recognising initial symptoms is difficult, then one test, the SAGE test, could help.
Source : EXPRESS