A stroke is a serious life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off.
Strokes are considered a medical emergency, so urgent treatment is necessary.
The sooner a person receives treatment for a stroke, the less damage is likely to happen.
The three main symptoms can be remembered with the word F.A.S.T.
F – face
The face, mouth or eye may drop on one side and the person may not be able to smile.
A – arms
The person may not be able to lift both arms due to weakness or numbness.
S – speech
Their speech may be slurred or garbled, or they may not be able to talk at all.
T – time
If you see any of those three signs, it is time to dial 999 immediately and ask for an ambulance.
Even if the symptoms disappear while waiting for an ambulance, it’s still important to get to hospital for treatment.
Symptoms of a stroke that disappear in less than 24 hours may signify a transient ischaemic attack (TIA).
A TIA is also known as a ‘mini stroke’ and is caused by a temporary disruption in the blood supply to part of the brain.
A TIA is a warning of the risk of having a full stroke in the near future, and an assessment can help doctors to determine the best way to reduce the chances of this happening.
The symptoms of a stroke vary from person to person, but usually begin suddenly.
As different parts of the brain control different parts of your body, symptoms will depend on the part of the brain affected and the extent of the damage.
“It’s important for everyone to be aware of these signs and symptoms, particularly if you live with or care for somebody in a high-risk group, such as someone who is elderly or has diabetes or high blood pressure,” said the NHS.
Other possible symptoms of a stroke include: complete paralysis of one side of the body, sudden loss or blurring of vision, dizziness, confusion and difficulty understanding what others are saying.
Further symptoms include: problems with balance and co-ordination, difficulty swallowing, a very severe headache, and loss of consciousness.
Source : EXPRESS