Vitamin D is crucial for the body, as it helps to keep your bones, teeth and muscles healthy, according to the NHS.
Without enough vitamin D, it’s difficult to regulate the amount of calcium or phosphate in the body.
A severe lack of the vitamin may even lead to bone deformities, rickets, or osteomalacia.
Between October and March, some people don’t get enough vitamin D from sunlight due to reduced daylight hours.
Those most at risk of a vitamin D deficiency are those that spend a lot of time indoors.
Meanwhile, you can boost the amount of vitamin D in your diet by eating more vitamin D-rich foods.
Oily fish, mushrooms and egg yolks are all great sources of the vitamin.
Mushrooms are more nutritious when you leave them out in the sun, and they’re the only good source of the vitamin for vegetarians.
Some fortifed juices and cereals are also packed full of vitamin D, so it’s worth checking the nutrition label on packages to see how much vitamin D they contain.
People who get very little sunlight on their skin are at risk of a deficiency, according to medical Website Patient.info.
Northern parts of the UK are most at risk of not getting enough vitamin D.
Even if you do spend a lot of time outdoors, you could still be at risk of the condition if your clothes cover up a lot of your body.
Elderly people struggle to produce as much vitamin D from sunlight, while those taking certain medicines may also be at risk.
Patients taking carbamazepine, phenytoin, primidone, or barbiturates could be deficient in the ‘sunshine’ vitamin.
“The strict use of sunscreen may increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency, particularly if high sun protection factor [SPF] creams [factor 15 or above] are used,” said Patient.info.
“However, there is no evidence that the normal use of sunscreen does actually cause vitamin D deficiency in real life.
“Everyone, especially children, should always be protected from the harmful effect of the sun’s rays.
“Some medical conditions can affect the way the body handles vitamin D.
“People with Crohn’s disease, coeliac disease, and some types of liver and kidney disease, are all at risk of vitamin D deficiency.”
You may have a deficiency if you have a general feeling of tiredness, along with aches a pains all over your body.
Your bones could be painful when moderate pressure is applied to them – most commonly in the ribs or shins.
Taking supplements could help you to top up on vitamin D.
During the autumn and winter, The Department of Health recommends adults should take a daily 10mcg vitamin D supplement.
Other sources of the vitamin include oily fish, red meat, egg yolks, and some fortified cereals.
Source : EXPRESS