Hot weekends are rare in the North East so unsurprisingly many may be suffering from sunburn tonight.
Maybe you didn’t use strong enough sun cream, forgot to apply any or just got caught out.
Skin becomes warm, red and irritable when it is burnt by the sun, before sometimes flaking and peeling.
Usually your skin will recover within a week but it can be an uncomfortable few days for anyone who has a nasty case of sunburn.
The damage is caused by the sun’s UV rays and overexposure can lead to premature ageing and even skin cancer.
So you’ve spent the day out in the sun and come back burnt. What can you do to make it better?
How to relieve sunburn
The NHS has advice on how to treat sunburn. As soon as you notice sunburn, get in doors or into a shady area as soon as you can.
Mild cases can be treated at home through the following steps:
Cool the affected skin with cold water – you could take a cold shower or apply a wet sponge/flannel to the burnt skin.
Apply soothing lotions with aloe vera, this will help moisturise the affected area.
You could also try hydrocorisone cream – this can be picked up from your pharmacy without a prescription and can reduce inflammation.
Drink plenty of water to ward off dehydration. Sunburn draws fluids to the skin’s surface so you need to drink more water than usual to stay hydrated.
Take ibuprofen or paracetamol to relieve pain. But don’t give aspirin to under 16s,
Avoid the sun and keep burnt skin covered up. Loose fitting clothes are the best as they will irritate your skin less and allow it to breath.
At what point is sunburn so bad that I should visit a doctor?
The NHS says you should contact your GP or visit a walk-in centre if you’re concerned or have an unusually large area which is badly burnt.
If you have severe burning you should seek medical advice
Symptoms of severe sunburn include:
Blisters or swelling
A high temperature of 38C or above
Heat exhaustion, which can cause dizziness, headaches and nausea
How can severe sunburn be treated?
Your GP surgery may give you special burn cream and dressings which are used on severe sunburn. In extreme cases, they may refer you to hospital.
How do I avoid getting burnt?
The obvious answer is to wear sun cream. The NHS says you need around 35ml (6-8 teaspoons) of lotion to cover an adult’s body. Don’t apply it too thinly.
If you are going to be outside in the sun for lengthy periods, then put suncream on half an hour before you go out the door and then again just before you’re about to go outside.
Apply it to all parts of exposed skin and remember to use water resistant sun cream if you’re exercising, sweat a lot or are going into water.
You should also wear loose, long clothing to cover skin if you burn easily.
Source : Chroniclelive