Diabetes occurs where there is too much glucose in the blood because the body cannot use it properly.
If these disease is not properly managed it can lead to serious consequences such as sight loss and limb amputation.
Figure have revealed that every week there are over 100 amputations as a result of people not controlling their diabetes properly.
The condition can also lead to kidney failure in some patients.
However a new test can now identify patients with diabetes who are at high risk of kidney failure which can help doctors assess the risk in their patients.
SYMPTOMS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES
Scientists also think the finding could help doctors provide better therapies to prevent to treat kidney failure.
Previously, doctors have relied on two biomarker to identify those at risk and select patients for clinical trials.
But these markers have been criticised for missing a large number of patients at risk of kidney disease – also known as end stage renal disease (ESRD).
However a new test has found a way of identifying genes which can put people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes at high risk of kidney failure.
Dr Krowlewski, senior author of the study from the Joslin Diabetes Center said: “This is a very important observation because in the medical community, the impression is that the progression to ESRD in type 1 is somehow different from type 2. As a result, many clinical trials do not include patients with type 1.”
For this study, the researchers used data from a population of patients with both diabetes and chronic kidney disease (stage 3 and 4) enrolled in follow up studies conducted by a at the Joslin Diabetes Centre and followed for up to 15 years.
Experts said the test might also one day lead to a cure for diabetes
Why does diabetes cause kidney failure?
Diabetes UK said: “Kidney disease is caused by damage to small blood vessels.
“This damage can cause the vessels to become leaky or, in some cases, to stop working, making the kidneys work less efficiently.
“Keeping blood glucose levels as near normal as possible can greatly reduce the risk of kidney disease developing as well as other diabetes complications.
“It is also very important to keep blood pressure controlled.”
The findings have been published online on the Kidney International website.
Source : EXPRESS