Mrs May announced that she will seek an early vote on June 8 to give the UK stability going into Brexit.
She said that she will go to Parliament tomorrow to give MPs a vote on her plans.
But how does the Prime Minister call a general election?
Under the Fixed Term Parliament Act (FTPA) of 2011, there are two ways in which Mrs May can dissolve Parliament ahead of 2020.
The first is if Parliament votes to do so with a two-thirds majority. Mrs May has said that she will give the Commons a vote tomorrow.
Mrs May will need 434 votes – 104 more than the current number of Conservatives in Parliament – and so would require Labour backing.
In December 2016 Jeremy Corbyn said that he would instruct MPs to back a snap election if a vote was called.
“If there’s a vote to dissolve Parliament then obviously we will vote with it.” he said.
The second way an early election can be called is if there is a vote of no confidence in the government.
If no confidence is declared, other parties would be given 14 days to form a new government before an election is called.
It is feasible that the government could “artificially” declare no confidence in itself, triggering the election process.
But Professor Robert Hazell of University College London’s Constitution Unit says that this move “does have the potential to go embarrassingly wrong”.
Mrs May has a slim majority of 17 MPs. “It would only take a handful of Conservative rebels to derail an attempt to call an election,” Prof Hazell told The Independent.
“The whips would need to be very confident that they could get a majority.”
There is also a third way by which Mrs May could call an early vote, which is by repealing the FTPA.
Before 2011, the Prime Minister of the day could call an election at any time using the royal prerogative.
Under the FTPA, the next UK general election is scheduled to be held on Thursday May 7, 2020.
There is speculation that this date could be brought forward to May 4 to coincide with the Local and mayoral elections, or to June 20.
Source : EXPRESS